How to Play Rummy Card Game: Detailed Guide on Rummy Rules
How to Play Rummy Card Game Online
- Objective of Rummy Card Game
- What Are Rummy Rules?
- What is a sequence in Rummy?
- What is a set?
- Importance of Jokers in Rummy
- How to Make a Valid Declaration According to Rummy Rules
- Valid Declaration
- Invalid Declaration
- What are Winning Tips & Tricks For Rummy Game?
- How Does the Scoring System Works in The Game of Rummy?
- Common Rules for Point Calculation
- Point Calculation for Losing Players
- Point Calculation in Cash Rummy Games on Junglee Rummy
- Important Terms to Learn Rummy Rules
Rummy is a card game played by two to six players using one or two standard card decks including Jokers. Each player gets 13 cards that need to be arranged into valid combinations of sequences and sets. At each turn, players have to draw and discard cards from two card decks: closed and open. The player who finishes melding cards and makes a valid declaration first wins the game.
From low to high, the cards in each suit are as follows: Ace, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, Jack, Queen and King. The numbered cards are worth their face values while Kings, Queens, Jacks, and Aces are worth 10 points each. The winner of a rummy card game gets zero points.
Objective of Rummy Card Game
- In rummy, each player is dealt with 13 cards. The objective of the game is to meld all 13 cards and make a valid declaration.
- You have to create different combinations of sequences and/or sets. The following combinations would make a valid declaration:
- 2 Sequences + 2 Sets
- 3 Sequences + 1 Set
- All 4 sequences.
- For valid declaration, there must be at least two sequences in your hand. Out of these two, one sequence must be pure.
- When you declare without a pure sequence, you will not only lose but also get a penalty of 80 points.
What Are Rummy Rules?
Rummy rules are simple and straightforward. Let’s take a look and learn how to play rummy:
- Indian Rummy is played by 2 to 6 players using one or two decks of cards (2 decks when there are more than 2 players). Every player at the table gets 13 cards.
- A random card is selected as the wild Joker and all the cards of the value become wild Jokers in the game.
- On each turn, you need to draw/pick a card from any of the two piles of cards on the table: the closed deck and the open deck. After picking a card, you have to discard one of your cards. The cards in the closed deck are placed face down, whereas the cards in the open deck are placed face up.
- In order to win Indian Rummy game, you have to arrange all your 13 cards in sequences, or sequences and sets. There should be at least two sequences out of which one must be a pure sequence. You can include both printed and wild Jokers in impure sequences and sets. The player who makes a valid declaration first wins the game.
What is a sequence in Rummy?
A sequence is a group of cards that has three or more consecutive cards of the same suit. There are two types of sequences: pure and impure sequences.
A pure sequence is a group of three or more consecutive cards of the same suit. No card can be replaced by a Joker in this sequence. Also, it is a mandatory combination required to make a valid declaration in a rummy card game.
Examples of Pure Sequences
Jokers are also used in a pure sequence. But, they must be a part of the sequence. Let us consider the following example: 9 ♥ -10 ♥ -J ♥ (Wild Joker). Here J♥ is a wild joker and it completes the sequence. This strategy is useful when you have multiple Jokers. But, when you have limited wild cards, just use them to create impure sequences and sets.
Two or more sequential cards and a Joker are used to make an impure sequence. The Joker acts as a substitute for the missing card in the sequence.
What is a Set?
In a Rummy Card game, three or four cards of the same rank but different suits are used to make a set. A set cannot have more than one card from a suit. You can use one or more Jokers to replace any other card(s) in a set.
2 ♦-2 ♣-2♦-2 ♦ - It is an invalid set as the combination consists of two 2 ♦. If the combination had 2♥, it would have been a valid set.
A ♣-A♣-K ♦ - This combination is an example of invalid set as it consists of two Ace of Spades cards. If the combination had either A♦, K♥ or A ♦ then it would have been a valid set.
Importance of Jokers in Rummy
Jokers play a very special role in rummy and can help you win. There are two types of Jokers used in the game.
Printed Joker: As the name suggests, a printed Joker has the picture of a Joker printed on it. This card can be used as a substitute for any missing card and can help you form a set or an impure sequence. Look at the impure sequence and the set below to understand how the printed Joker can be used in rummy.
Wild Joker: The wild Joker is randomly picked at the beginning of the game. Just like the printed Joker, the wild Joker can also be used as a substitute for any missing card and helps form an impure sequence or a set.
A wild Joker can be used in a pure sequence too. But in a pure sequence, it must be used in its original value and as a card of its original suit, not as a substitute card/Joker.
How to Make a Valid Declaration According to Rummy Rules
To win an Indian Rummy game, you have to arrange all your 13 cards in sequences, or sequences and sets, according to rummy rules. Then you have to finish the game by discarding one of your cards to the “Finish” slot and declare your hand. The player who makes a valid declaration first is the winner of the game. The winner’s score is zero.
To make a valid declaration, you need to fulfill the following three conditions
Pure sequence: To win a rummy game, you must create at least one pure sequence. A pure sequence consists of three or more consecutive cards of the same suit. In a pure sequence, the Joker cannot be used as a substitute card. Any declaration made without forming at least one pure sequence is invalid. You can create more than one pure sequence too.
Second sequence: In addition to a pure sequence, you need to form a second sequence, which can be a pure sequence or an impure sequence. As explained above, an impure sequence has two or more cards of the same suit and a Joker as a substitute for any other card. Forming two sequences is mandatory, but you can also form more than two sequences. Forming sets is optional.
All your cards should be melded: All the cards that are not part of your two sequences should be arranged in other sequences or sets. Forming sets is optional but all your cards must be arranged in sequences, or sequences and sets. Look at the example of a valid declaration below.
This is a perfect example of a valid declaration. 4 ♦-5 ♦-6 ♦-7 ♦ makes a pure sequence. The combination of Q♦-K♦-PJ makes an impure sequence. The two sets 2 ♦-2♥-3♣ & 9♦-9♥-PJ completes the combination and makes it a valid declaration.
When you declare your hand/cards without fulfilling the three conditions above, it becomes an invalid declaration. If you make an invalid declaration, you will lose the game instantly and your opponent will be declared the winner if it’s a 2-player table. If there are more than two players at the table, the other players will keep playing until one of the players makes a valid declaration. Take a look at the examples of invalid declarations below.
What are Winning Tips & Tricks For Rummy Game?
Rummy is a game of skill and you need a lot of practice to win rummy games. Along with that, you should learn rummy rules and various tricks to outsmart your opponents. Here are some tips and tricks that will help you ace the game.
Prioritize creating a pure sequence: When cards are dealt, focus on creating a pure sequence first. It is impossible to win without having a pure sequence in your hand.
Discard high-value cards early on: In rummy, points have a negative value and high cards increase the risk of losing by a big margin. So if you have unmatched high cards, discard them early on in the game.
Look for connecting cards: Collect connecting cards as they help you form sequences and sets. Suppose you have the following cards: 5♣,6♣,8♣,9♣. Look for 7♣, which you can use with 5♣ and 6♣ (5♣-6♣-7♣) or with 8♣ and 9♣ (7♣-8♣-9♣). Yu can also form a single sequence of 5♣-6♣-7♣-8♣-9 ♣, if you already have another sequence.
Observe your opponents’ moves: One of the best ways to increase your chances of winning is to keep an eye on your opponents’ moves. Suppose your opponent picks the 4♣ discarded by you. Do not discard 2♣,3♣,5♣, 6♣ or the 4 of any suit if you have them.
Use Jokers wisely - Jokers play a crucial role in the game of rummy. Use them smartly to form sets or impure sequences.
How Does the Scoring System Works in The Game of Rummy?
Common Rules for Point Calculation
- Printed Joker/Wild Joker
- Numbered Card
- Worth their face value
- High Value Cards: Jack, Queen, King, Ace
- 10 points each
- Example: Ace ♣, 2♣, 3♣
- 10 points, 2 points, 3 points
Suppose 4 players are playing a Points Rummy game and Player 4 is the winner of the game. Let us understand the point calculation for the game.
Point Calculation for Losing Players
In rummy, losing players get penalty points. Here’s how penalty points are awarded.
Wrong Declaration: For a wrong declaration (a declaration made before the winner) in a Points Rummy game, the penalty points are 80 irrespective of the cards in the player’s hand. So double-check your hand before making a declaration.
First Drop: If you quit the game as your very first move without picking a card, it is called a first drop. The penalty points for a first drop are 20 in a Points Rummy game.
Middle Drop: If you drop out of a Points Rummy game any time after your first turn, you will get 40 points as a penalty.
Consecutive Misses: If you miss three consecutive turns, you will be automatically dropped out of the game. It will be considered a middle drop and you will get a penalty of 40 points.
Losing Players with a Valid Hand: Players who declare their combinations second and have a valid hand get 2 points. So, if you win a game against players who also have a valid hand, the losing players with valid hands lose by two points each.
Leaving the Table: You will get a Middle Drop of 40 points, if you leave the table after picking a card.
Point Calculation in Cash Rummy Games on Junglee Rummy
Everyone loves winning cash prizes, right? But do you know how winnings are calculated in cash rummy games? Junglee Rummy uses the following simple formulas to determine the prize amount.
1. Points Rummy
In Points Rummy, each point has a pre-decided value in rupees. The winner gets the amount lost by all the losing players at the table after the deduction of a very small Junglee Rummy fee.
The formula used to calculate the winnings in a Points Rummy game is as follows:
Winnings = Sum of the points of all the losing players x Value of each point in rupees – Junglee Rummy fee.
Suppose there are 4 players playing a Points Rummy game for real cash at a Rs.160 table with Rs. 2 per point. Player 1 wins the game, and the other 3 players lose by 20, 40 and 50 points, respectively. In this case, the winnings will be calculated as: 2 x (20 + 40 +50) = Rs. 220. This amount will be added to the winner’s account after the deduction of the Junglee Rummy fee.
2. Pool Rummy
The following formula is used to calculate winnings in a Pool Rummy game:
Winnings = (Entry fee x Number of players) – Junglee Rummy fee.
Suppose 4 players are playing a Pool Rummy game that has a fixed entry fee of Rs. 100. The prize pool of the game will be 100x4= Rs. 400. The winner of the game will get the following amount as the prize: Rs. 400 – Junglee Rummy fee.
3. Deals Rummy
In Deals Rummy, the winner gets chips equal to the points lost by the losing player.
The formula used to calculate winnings for each deal in Deals Rummy is as follows:
Winnings = (Entry Fee × Number of Players) – Junglee Rummy Fee
Imagine 2 players are playing a Deals Rummy game and the entry fee is Rs. 5 each. Player 2 declares his cards. The winnings calculated will be as follows -
Winnings = (5x2) – Junglee Rummy Fee.
Important Terms to Learn Rummy Rules
Here are the important rummy terms you should know to understand the game.
In online rummy, players play the game at a virtual table. Typically 2 to 6 players can play at one table.
The sorting of cards is done at the beginning of the game. Simply click on the “Sort” button and your cards will be automatically arranged into sequences. Sorting is useful to identify the potential combinations like pure sequences, impure sequences and sets. Likewise, you can draw a card and decide whether to keep or discard it.
In rummy, a deal/round begins with the dealing of cards and ends when a player successfully declares their hand.
At the beginning of a rummy game, cards are dealt to each player randomly. This is known as dealing.
Drawing and Discarding
In a rummy card game, you can draw/pick cards from the closed deck (cards placed face down) or the open deck (cards discarded by players and placed face up). On each turn, you have to draw a card and then get rid of one of your cards. This action of getting rid of your cards is known as discarding.
When cards have been dealt, players have to arrange their cards in sequences, or sequences and sets. The act of arranging cards in valid groups is known as melding.
Printed and Wild Jokers
Jokers are essential to a rummy game. There are two types of Jokers: printed Jokers (1 per deck) and wild Jokers (4 per deck). Both types of Jokers can be used as substitutes for any missing cards. They help to form sets and impure sequences. A random card is selected as the wild Joker at the beginning of the game and then the cards of that value in all the four suits become wild Jokers.
Before drawing your first card or in the middle of a game, you can choose to opt out of the deal/game. This is known as a drop. You get some penalty points for dropping out of a game/deal. For example, in a Points Rummy game, you get 20 points for dropping out as your very first move in the game and 40 points for dropping out anytime after picking a card. Dropping in the middle of a game is called a middle drop.
Chips are counters that you play for when you play practice games on Junglee Rummy. You get free chips on registering with Junglee Rummy and you can reload more chips when you run short of them. When you join a practice game, a predefined number of chips will be deducted from your chip balance. When you win, the chips won are credited to your account.
Immediately after you finish a game by discarding one of your cards to the “Finish” slot, you have to show your cards to your opponents. This is called declaring your hand.
Cash tournaments are tournaments that you join by paying entry fees. The winners get real money in prizes. On Junglee Rummy, you can play cash tournaments every day throughout the year. Just add cash to your account and start playing! In order to play cash tournaments on Junglee Rummy, just open the app and select rummy tournament from the game lobby. Select an ongoing tournament and pay an entry fee to start playing.
Rummy Card Game Video Tutorial
We have created a series of tutorials where you can learn about the rummy card game according to your experience.
For Beginner Players
- What is Rummy
- Safety & Legality of Rummy
- Introduction to Junglee Rummy
- How to get started with Junglee Rummy
For Intermediate Players
- Rummy Rules & Concepts
- How to Discard the Right Cards
- How to Work with Sequences
- Using Jokers in Rummy
- Sorting of Cards
- When and How to Drop a Rummy Game
For Expert Players
Rummy Game Rules FAQ
How do you win in Rummy?
The objective of a rummy card game is to arrange all 13 cards into various combinations of sequences & sets and make a valid declaration. If you meet the objective of the game, you win the game and get zero points for valid declaration.
Can you play rummy with 2 players?
Yes. Many online rummy providers like Junglee Rummy offer 2-player and 6-player tables. To play on a 2 player table, you need to select from Free, Cash & Tournament games. Then, you need to choose from three different variants: Points, Pool and Deals. After choosing a variant, you can select the 2 player table and start playing.
Can you replace a Joker in Rummy?
Yes. While playing online rummy, you are dealt with 13 cards in hand at the beginning of the game. When the game begins, you need to draw and discard cards from the closed and open pile available on the table. If you have multiple Jokers, you can discard the card. Please note that no player could pick a Joker from the open pile.
How much is a Joker worth in Indian Rummy?
In Indian Rummy, the Joker carries zero point value. Yes, despite being a valuable substitute, the card has zero value and is quite useful to bring down the overall point score.
Can we use 2 Jokers in a set in Rummy?
Yes, you can 2 Jokers in a set. For example if you have a Printed Joker and 5 as wild Joker, you can combine them to form a set. But, you can use a Joker in a better way.
You must have understood rummy rules and concepts well, and now you must be excited to play the game. We hope that you will follow the above guidelines before playing cash rummy games. If you want to play online rummy, you should definitely try Junglee Rummy. We offer a wide variety of rummy games at your fingertips. Also, we provide a safe gaming environment for all our users. Download Rummy app on your preferred device and enter the world of unlimited fun and entertainment.
Read our blog about 5 Common Aspects of Best Online Rummy Sites
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