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# Sets in an Indian Rummy Game

Find out more about rummy sets, its types and more!

## Rummy Sets

The Indian version of rummy has been popular with card game lovers in India for centuries. It is a skill game that involves sorting and arranging cards in sequences, or sequences and sets. When the game begins, each player works on arranging their own cards and making a valid declaration before anyone else at the table.

For making a valid declaration, players have to follow some simple rules. While sequences play a crucial role in the game, you can also make rummy sets. Read on to learn about melding a set.

## How to Create a Rummy Sets

• A set is a group of three or four cards of the same rank but different suits. Both printed jokers as well as wild jokers can be used in a set. Unlike sequences, which are pure and impure, there are no such particular sets in rummy -- a set is just a set whether it includes a joker or not. And creating sets in the game is optional, not mandatory.

Example of Sets

Set of 3 Cards:

Set of 4 Cards:

### How to Make a Rummy Card Set with Jokers

• Sets can contain jokers, both printed jokers and wild jokers. Here are some examples of sets including both types of jokers:

#### Set with a printed joker:

Suppose you have two cards of the same rank, say 5 and 5, and you pick a printed joker (PJ) on your next turn. You can combine these cards to form a set: 5-5-PJ.

Here the printed joker acts as a replacement for 5 or 5.

#### Set with a wild joker:

Suppose you have two cards of the same rank, say 2 and 2, and you pick a wild joker on your next turn. These cards can be grouped to form a set: 2 -2-4 (WJ).

Here the wild card has been used as a replacement for 2 or 2.

### Rummy Set Rules

• A valid declaration can include a maximum of 2 sets. If a declaration has more than two sets, it is an invalid declaration and the player gets a penalty of 80 points in points rummy.
• Both printed jokers and wild jokers can be used to create a set.
• A set cannot have more than 4 cards. The minimum number of cards that a set can include is 3.
• The maximum number of jokers that can be used in a set is 4 (including both wild jokers and printed jokers).
• Creating sets in a rummy game is not mandatory but optional.

### Making Multiple Sets in Rummy

• You can make one or two sets in a 13 card rummy. A valid declaration cannot include more than two sets. Including more than two sets will result in an invalid declaration and a penalty of 80 points in a points rummy game.

#### Example of a valid declaration with two sets

Set of 4 Cards:

Here 3-4-5 is a pure sequence, while Q-K-PJ is an impure sequence. A-A-A-A form set 1 and set 2 consists of 8 -8-3 (WJ).

#### Example of a valid declaration with only one set

Here 7-8-9 and A-2-3 are pure sequences, whereas J-Q-PJ is an impure sequence. 4-4-4 -4 is a set consisting of 4 cards.

## Rummy sets and sequences in a valid declaration

Here is an example of a valid declaration with valid sequences and sets:

Suppose the following cards are dealt to you:

Set of 4 Cards:

In this hand, there are two pre-made sequences: J-Q-K (pure sequence) and 9-10 -PJ (impure sequence). Now you have to work on the remaining cards and create a pure sequence, an impure sequence or sets.

### Turn 1:

• Suppose you pick 7 from the closed deck. This card can be grouped with 7 and 7 to form a set: 7 -7-7. Now the ideal card to discard in this case would be 10 as there are no connecting cards for it, which makes it harder to create a sequence or a set with this card.

Set of 4 Cards:

### Turn 2:

• Suppose you pick 3 on your second turn. You can now choose to keep the card as there is a good chance of 3 forming a set with 3 and another card of the same value or a joker. You can discard 8 as there are very few chances of creating a sequence with 8 because you have already used 9 and 10 in another sequence.

Set of 4 Cards:

### Turn 3:

• Suppose you pick a printed joker on your third turn. The printed joker can be used to form a set with 3 and 3. So you can discard 4 .

Set of 4 Cards:

### Turn 4:

• Suppose you pick a wild joker, say 6, on your fourth turn and group it with your pre-made set: 7-7-7 -6 (WJ). The cards are now arranged in proper sequences and sets. Now you can discard 5 to the “Finish” slot and declare your cards. Your declaration will look like this:

Set of 4 Cards:

The above declaration is valid and you win the game, provided you were the first player to make a valid declaration.

The possible combinations in a valid declaration including rummy sets are as follows:

• 1 pure sequence + 1 impure sequence + 2 sets
• 2 pure sequences + 2 sets
• 2 pure sequences + 1 set
• 2 pure sequences + 1 impure sequence + 1 set
• 1 pure sequence + 2 impure sequences + 1 set
• 3 pure sequences + 1 set

## Invalid Declaration due to Invalid Sets

When a player declares his/her hand without complying with the standard rummy rules, the declaration becomes invalid. It is important to have at least two sequences, including at least one pure sequence, to make a valid declaration. At the most, two sets can be included in a valid declaration. However, it is important to remember that making sets is optional in rummy, not mandatory.

Some examples of an invalid declaration because of invalid sets are as follows:

1:

The above declaration is invalid as 4-4-4 does not make a set. If there was 4 or 4 in place of 4, it would have been a valid set, and your declaration would have been valid as there are three pre-made sequences: 5 -6-7 (pure sequence), Q-K-PJ (impure sequence) and 9-10-PJ-Q (impure sequence).

2:

In the above declaration, there are only three valid combinations: J-Q-K (pure sequence). 6-7 -PJ-9 (impure sequence) and 8-8-4 (WJ), which is a set. The combination 5-5-5-5 is an invalid set as it has two 5 s. So the declaration is invalid.

3:

In the above declaration, there is one pure sequence (2-3-4) and three sets (7-7 -7, K-K-PJ and 5-5-6 (WJ)). As at least two sequences are required in a valid declaration, this is an invalid declaration.

## Value of Valid Sets in Rummy

In rummy, points are negative and undesirable. The player who scores zero points (by making a valid declaration first) wins the game. To make a valid declaration, a player must have at least two sequences including at least one must be a pure sequence and all the remaining cards must be arranged in sets and sequences, or sequences. However, at the most, two sets can be included in a valid declaration.

The value of a valid set is zero points and so is the value of a valid sequence, provided all other rules of the game are followed. The penalty that a losing player attracts depends on the cards in the losing player’s hand when the winner makes a declaration.

## FAQs

A set can be created by grouping three or four cards of the same rank but different suits. Jokers, both printed jokers and wild jokers, can be used in a set. If you have three cards of the same rank but different suits or two cards of the same rank but different suits and a joker, you can group them together to create a set.

Both printed jokers and wild jokers can be used to create a set. The maximum number of jokers a player can use to form a set is 4.

A sequence is a group of three or more consecutive cards of the same suit, whereas a set is a group of three or four cards of the same rank but different suits. In rummy, sequences have a higher importance than sets. This is because creating at least two sequences (including at least one pure sequence) is mandatory for a valid declaration. On the other hand, creating sets is optional and not necessary. You can create two, three or four sequences and still make a valid declaration as long as all your cards are arranged in sequences. But you can only include a maximum of two sets in a valid declaration.

The maximum number of cards that can be included in a valid set is 4, and the minimum number of cards required for a set is 3.

No, you cannot make a valid declaration with three sets in your hand. According to rummy sets and sequences rules, at least two sequences (including at least one pure sequence) are required for a valid declaration. So if a player creates one pure/impure sequence and three sets, the declared hand will be invalid and the player will get a penalty of 80 points in a points rummy game. You can include a maximum of two sets in a valid declaration.

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